Dark circles under the eyes refer to the appearance of darker pigmentation or discoloration in the skin beneath the eyes. This common cosmetic concern can be caused by various factors, and addressing dark circles may involve a combination of lifestyle changes, skincare, and, in some cases, medical treatments.
Dark Circle Under Eye: About, Causes and Treatment Options
Age: As people age, the skin tends to lose collagen and thins, making blood vessels beneath the eyes more visible and leading to the appearance of dark circles.
Fatigue and Lack of Sleep: Insufficient sleep, fatigue, and excessive eye strain can cause blood vessels to dilate, leading to dark circles.
Allergies: Allergic reactions can result in inflammation and swelling under the eyes, making the blood vessels more prominent and causing dark circles.
Dehydration: Lack of proper hydration can make the skin under the eyes appear dull and contribute to the prominence of dark circles.
Sun Exposure: Overexposure to the sun can increase melanin production, leading to hyperpigmentation and the development of dark circles.
Poor Nutrition: A diet lacking in essential nutrients can affect skin health, making the under-eye area more susceptible to discoloration.
Smoking: Smoking can accelerate the breakdown of collagen and contribute to the development of dark circles.