Melasma is a common skin condition characterized by the development of brown or grayish-brown patches on the face, particularly on the cheeks, forehead, nose, and upper lip. Although it doesn’t pose any health risks, melasma can have a significant impact on one’s appearance and self-esteem.
Melasma: About, Causes and Treatment Options
Sun Exposure: Ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun stimulate the production of melanin, the pigment responsible for skin color. Prolonged sun exposure can worsen melasma.
Hormones: Hormonal changes, such as those occurring during pregnancy (often referred to as the “mask of pregnancy”), birth control pill use, or hormone replacement therapy, can trigger melasma.
Genetics: A family history of melasma may increase the likelihood of developing the condition.
Skin Type: Individuals with darker skin tones, particularly those of Hispanic, Asian, and Middle Eastern descent, are more prone to melasma.
Cosmetic Products: Certain cosmetics or skin care products, especially those causing irritation, may contribute to melasma.